Cassava is a perennial woody shrub with an edible root, which grows in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in Nigeria for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Cassava, when dried to a powdery (or pearly) extract, is called tapioca; its fried, granular form is named garri. You can buy Cassava from MadeinNigeriaMarket.com in any quantity at an affordable price and get it delivered to your doorstep. Order Now.₦0.00 In Stock
Cassava is also called Manihot esculenta, yuca, manioc, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot. The staple meal is extremely rich in carbohydrates, calcium, vitamins B and C, and essential minerals. However, nutrient composition differs according to variety and age of the harvested crop, and soil conditions, climate, and other environmental factors during cultivation.
In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) such as Nigeria, cassava is mainly a subsistence crop grown for food by small-scale farmers who sell the surplus. It grows well in poor soils with limited labor requirements. It provides food security during conflicts when the invader cannot easily destroy or remove the crop, since it conveniently grows underground. Cassava is usually intercropped with vegetables, plantation crops (such as coconut, oil palm, and coffee), yam, sweet potato, melon, maize, rice, groundnut, or other legumes. The application of fertilizer remains limited among small-scale farmers due to the high cost and lack of availability. Roots can be harvested between 6 months and 3 years after planting. As the population of Nigeria continues to grow, the demand for cassava products continue to skyrocket by individual, Industrial and Export, because of its numerous benefits.
The health benefits of cassava are numerous and plays a very major role on how our bodies work. Research conducted has shown that this plant contains more calories than any other food out there. Its richness in carbohydrate accounts for its very low level of fats and proteins; however, it is still contains more protein than other foods in its family. Fibre, which is also a special kind of carbohydrate is high in cassava. We all know how important fibre is to the body, it helps lower blood pressure, reduces cholesterol, reduces risk of obesity and even controls the level of sugar in the body.
Apart from food, cassava is very versatile and its derivatives and starch are applicable in many types of products such as foods, confectionery, sweeteners, glues, plywood, textiles, paper, biodegradable products, monosodium glutamate, and drugs. Cassava chips and pellets are used in animal feed and alcohol production.